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Négritude

Négritude is a cultural and political movement founded by a group of francophone black intellectuals, writers and politicians in 1930s France, including Martinican poet Aimé Césaire (1913–2008), French Guyanese poet Léon Damas (1912–78), and the future Senegalese President Léopold Sédar Senghor (1906–2001). The movement celebrated a rediscovered African identity, culture and expression and challenged the inherent racism of colonialism. It insisted on equality in difference, and was underpinned by the belief that the shared heritage of members of the African diaspora was the best tool for combating colonial oppression and cultural hegemony. Writers of the Harlem Renaissance such as Langston Hughes, had a significant influence on the Négritude movement - as did the culture of early 20th century Haiti, where, in Césaire’s words, " négritude stood up for the first time".

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